Clinical Neuropsychology involves assessment of cognitive abilities (e.g. memory, attention, judgement) in patients who have an acquired or traumatic brain injury or other neurological disorder. It plays a major role in planning and supporting the rehabilitation of such people.
Neuropsychology is a specialty within Neurosciences relevant to clinical work when people might be showing some changes in their cognitive functioning. Clinical neuropsychology involves the assessment of cognitive abilities in patients with cerebral pathology and also plays a major role in planning and supporting the rehabilitation of such people. Neuropsychology contributes to the understanding of the impact on cognitive functioning of disorders like, depression or schizophrenia and maladaptive behaviours and the implications of cognitive impairment for everyday life.
Neuropsychological assessments help with people with learning disabilities to understand whether a patient’s cognitive and emotional profile is characteristic of a particular disorder – e.g. Down’s syndrome. It helps to identify early onset of dementia and supports treatment plans. It can also clarify whether a cognitive decline is representative of dementia rather than depression or anxiety.
A thorough assessment is often carried out when an individual has suffered a traumatic brain injury and facilitate the profiling of residual cognitive functioning and identify potential strategies for the rehabilitation process.